Is Open Cut Mining Safe?

What are the disadvantages of open cut mining?


Disadvantages of open pit miningVery large amounts of waste rock are mined.

Major disruption of surface: pit footprint, waste dumps.

Very large volumes of overburden may need to be moved before reaching the orebody (e.g.

coal) thus delaying return on capital expenditure;More items….

What is open cut mining used for?

Open cut is sometimes referred to as ‘strip mining’. It is commonly used in shallow, near surface coal and mineral mines. It uses very large machinery (draglines, shovels, dump trucks) to move soil, extract coal or other minerals, and transport them for processing.

How does open cut mining affect the environment?

The environmental impact of mining operations. The effects of open-pit mining and mineral processing plants on the environment include land degradation, noise, dust, poisonous gases, pollution of water, etc. … The extraction process could itself modify the water flow and accelerate this transfer.

Why is open cut mining better than underground mining?

Open-cut mining This has many advantages. … This method has a high recovery rate when compared to the underground, as 90 percent of mineral deposits are recovered. Overall when compared to other methods, open-cut is much safer.

Is open pit mining dangerous?

Open-pit gold mining is one of the highest potential mining threats on the environment as it affects the air and water chemistry. The exposed dust may be toxic or radioactive, making it a health concern for the workers and the surrounding communities.

Why is open pit mining cheaper?

The cost advantage of open pit mining to investors is a matter of scale. … It is cheaper to operate an open pit mine because less manpower and equipment is required. Strip mining, or open pit mining is profitable sooner than a shaft mine because more ore can be extracted from an open pit mine and more quickly.

What are the steps of open pit mining?

The open-pit mining cycle includes drilling ore and waste rock, loading drill holes with explosives, blasting, ore loading and hauling to stockpiles for processing, waste rock loading and hauling to the waste rock storage pile.

What is the difference between open cast mining and shaft mining?

Drilling is only used in areas that have been selected as ” targets” for geophysical or geochemical methods. Open cast mining refers to the extraction of minerals from a shallow depth of the earth. Shaft mining refers to the extraction of minerals by constructing horizontal shafts deep within the earth.

Where are open pit mines located?

Bingham Canyon mine located south-west of Salt Lake City, Utah, US, is the deepest open pit mine in the world. The Bingham Canyon pit is more than 1.2km deep and approximately four kilometres wide. The mine, which is owned and operated by Rio Tinto Kennecott, has been in production since 1906.

Why is mining bad?

Across the world, mining contributes to erosion, sinkholes, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, significant use of water resources, dammed rivers and ponded waters, wastewater disposal issues, acid mine drainage and contamination of soil, ground and surface water, all of which can lead to health issues in local …